Indonesia is nestled in between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, bridging together the continents of Asia and Australia/Oceania.
Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago—and has the 4th largest population in the world—with more than 17,500 islands and some of the most diverse marine waters in our planet. The five major islands of Indonesia are Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Papua. The most popular island of Indonesia is the world-renown, Bali.
Language and Culture
The official language of Indonesia is “Bahasa Indonesia.” Bahasa means language and many others are spoken by the hundreds of ethnic groups. In Java, most people speak Javanese. In Bali, most people speak Balinese. Every island and sometimes, sections of large islands, have different ethnic groups with their unique language and traditions.
Indonesia is the largest Islamic democracy in the world. 85% of the country’s population is Muslim, which amounts to more Muslim individuals than in every Arab country combined.
Six religions are recognized in Indonesia: Islam, Catholicism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism and Buddhism. Every Indonesian individual must belong to one of these religions. There’s great respect between people and their differing beliefs. Most people coexist happily, often with churches and mosques placed in close proximity to one another.
The climate changes every six months. The dry season is from June to September and the rainy season lasts from December to March. Year around, the weather is in the high 80s or low 90s and the humidity is very high.
Indonesia currency is the Rupiah (IDR). Currently, the conversion rate is at about 10,000 IDR to $1USD. Indonesia is one of the most inexpensive countries to live in and travel, though wealth disparity is huge between the Westerners and the average Indonesian.